In continuation with my Learning Series; adapted from a motivating and inspiring write-up which I felt would be very useful for both students and the Society as a whole with day – to – day instances, to encourage positive thinking  and improve efficiency !!

LEADERSHIP  QUALITIES  (BE THE LEADER!) :  Are leaders born or made? If you look at the lives of famous leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela, you can guess that leaders are not born. With a vision for a change, hard work and commitment, leaders are made. This write-up teaches you how to develop such Leadership Qualities!

Learn about these people and know about their leadership qualities.


Born in 1967, Satya Narayana Nadella is an Indian born American business executive. He is the current Chief Executive Owfficer of Microsoft. He was appointed as CEO on 4 February 2014. His colleague and peer Bill Hilf speaks about his leadership style like this: “He is very inclusive. He brings people in and gets them excited to work on stuff, and that’s what I think his magic is — his authenticity and the way he is able to inspire people and not just push them. He can inspire them to do great work and get them motivated and excited. That’s really about him as a person: Whether he was running a technology company or a non-profit, he would have the same demeanor.”


“Before becoming an astronaut, I was a helicopter pilot, but realised my skills, got trained and entered the field of space engineering. I appeal you to know your skills, your comfort zone and your position in the organisation to make you successful and you will also become an asset to your organisation. You never get nervous when you are in the field of your choice. I was never nervous during my flights into space … During my first flight, I was a crew member with a seven-member team. During the second one, I was the team leader and had members from Europe, Japan with different thinking and taking them along, was a task in itself.”


Six Qualities of an Effective Leader!

Once a King’s two sons had to build two large canals to supply water to the royal estates. The first son took part of his father’s riches and part of the army, travelled north where he ordered the people to work hard. He oversaw the work, paying the villagers fairly, and finished the project within time. Proud of his work he returned to the palace. But he was told that his brother had taken only one year to build his aqueduct in the south. He investigated and found a few irregularities and informed his father about them.

“He built his aqueduct deviating from the plans. He created so many outlets that barely half the water arrives at the royal estates. He confronted the prime minister in front of the villagers, and he left without paying any of the workers.  He even used your soldiers as labourers.”

The King replied. “My son, what you say is true. Your brother had the initiative to modify the aqueduct to improve it;  the wisdom to propose something, which would improve the lives of everyone. And so he convinced the villagers to work quickly and without pay. He had the courage to confront the prime minister to defend justice, and the charisma to get his soldiers to work even more hours than the villagers. His commitment was so great that he himself was the one who worked hardest on the project, forgetting his Princely status. This is why everyone adores your brother, and would do anything he were to ask of them. He is more than their King, he is their leader.”

(Identify the six qualities and practice them in your everyday life)





Do not wait on a leader…..  Look in the mirror –  it’s you!


Learning Series 19 : EARTH, OUR HOME

In continuation with my Learning Series; adapted from a motivating and inspiring write-up which I felt would be very useful for both students and the Society as a whole with day – to – day instances, to encourage positive thinking  and improve efficiency !!

EARTH, OUR HOME !  (LET’S KEEP IT CLEAN…)  Our life is dependent on the well being of the Earth.  But in the name of  modern advancement we are causing a lot of damage to it. Learn to care for our home, this EARTH !


These days everybody is talking about hot skin-searing summers, cold biting winters, sudden floods, untimely cyclones and they say that these are the result of global warming,  a man- made disaster!

What a sad plight we are in! What are we doing  to our planet? What are we doing to our HOME? What will we give to our future?


There was once a little grey planet that was very sad. The people living there had contaminated the whole countryside so much with rubbish and pollution that there were no plants or animals left. One day, a little boy walking on the planet, noticed a small red flower inside a cave. The flower was almost dying – so the boy carefully dug up the flower, with roots, soil and everything. He searched all over the planet, but everywhere it was so contaminated that there was no place the flower could possibly live in. Then he looked up at the sky and noticed the moon. It seemed to the boy that maybe the plant could survive there. So the little boy put on his astronaut suit, and climbed into a space ship. He put the little red flower in the back, and off they went to the moon. Far away from all that the flower started to grow. The flower was so well cared for, that it had soon germinated, giving birth to others, and these other flowers spread onto other flowers. Before long, the whole moon was completely covered with flowers. That’s why, whenever the little boy’s flowers open up, for a few minutes the moon takes on a soft red sheen, like a warning light. Maybe it’s telling us that if you don’t look after your planet, a day will come when flowers will only be able to grow on the moon.

Time to wake up…Time to THINK  !    Be truthful in your answer choices…
1. What do you do when you see a tap at a public place turned on and water leaking?
a. Ask someone to turn off the tap
b. Turn of the tap yourself
c. Complain to the authorities about wastage of water
2. What will you do if you are asked to participate in a ‘no garbage on the roads’ drive?
a. Participate actively
b. Participate because others are doing so
c. Participate and not do anything
3. Where will you start keeping things clean?
a. Outside the house first
b. On the public roads first
c. At home first
4. What will you do if there are chocolate wrappers lying all over the floor in your classroom?
a. Ask the sweeper to clean the classroom
b. Complain to your class teacher about the room
c. Pick up the wrappers and put it in the dust bin

Observe the pictures below and see how our  home the earth is burdened.




Watch out against…?




What do we do now?
• Plant more saplings …more greenery
• Car- pool… lesser fuel use…lesser pollution
• Segregate wet and dry waste


In continuation with my Learning Series; adapted from a motivating and inspiring write-up which I felt would be very useful for both students and the Society as a whole with day – to – day instances, to encourage positive thinking  and improve efficiency !!

SOCIAL  RESPONSIBILITY (THE JOY IN HELPING) : As members of society we take a lot from it in many forms. We also have to give back to it. This is social responsibility.

“HELPING HANDS ARE BETTER THAN PRAYING LIPS.”  How does it feel to help a person in distress and see his eyes fill up with un-shed tears while his lips open up into a tremulous/shaky smile? You really feel good, right? This kind of help you extend to people in need makes you a kinder and more responsible person.  Sometimes you serve others because it is good for the  society. This is what individual social responsibility is all about!


A DEVASTATED VIZAG…  AFTER HUD HUD :  These are no rescue teams ….  These are people like you and me… the common people!


CHENNAI FLOODS …    “I kept standing near the window, waiting for my husband. Suddenly, I saw four young men going through the water on the other side of the road. I thought they were the rescue people sent for me. I called out for help. At first they did not hear me but when they passed by a second time they did. I asked if they were from the rescue team.”     “We are not a rescue team ma’am but we will help.   Tell us what you want,” said one of them.”   These were four unknown boys.


“Success has nothing to do with what you gain in life or accomplish for yourself. It’s what you do for others.”    -Danny Thomas

Observe how these youngsters give back to the society.
1. The young and determined Varun Sharma has taken up the responsibility to bring electricity, education and empowerment to a remote tribal village in Odisha.
2. Nupur Ghuliani , prospective charted accountant gave up a lucrative career to work in rural India.
3. Shalini Krishnan quit a high-paying job to teach tribal students.
4. 2 young engineers transformed a Bihar village.
5. A young engineer from BITS is helping farmers in remote villages of MP.
6. Abhinav Sharma a final-year Masters student in Mathematics at BITS Pilani, helps with educational/ recreational material from the cities reach children in villages/slums across the country.
7. Mannika Solanki, Student from Delhi volunteers for CRY. She says that CRY motivates orphaned children to go to government schools.


Reflect on them for a moment.
They are enthusiastic and open.
a. Agree
b. Partly agree
c. Disagree
They are sympathetic and warm.
a. Agree
b. Partly agree
c. Disagree
They are problem solvers.
a. Agree
b. Partly agree
c. Disagree
They are innovative.
a. Agree
b. Partly agree
c. Disagree
They are empathetic.
a. Agree
b. Partly agree
c. Disagree
Develop such enthusiasm, openness, sympathy, warmth, empathy, problem solving ability and innovative skills.  You will truly be a great worker serving others.



Learning Series 17 : BE THE CHANGE!

In continuation with my Learning Series; adapted from a motivating and inspiring write-up which I felt would be very useful for both students and the Society as a whole with day – to – day instances, to encourage positive thinking  and improve efficiency !!

BE THE CHANGE !  (SAY NO TO DISCRIMINATION)   Some people don’t tolerate others because of their colour, language, sex, nationality, religion and so on. Change the world into a better place of happiness and respect.


Hi, have you ever felt let down when you were not allowed to play a game of cricket saying that only boys play that game. Have you ever felt discouraged when your mother said that you are a boy and you can’t help her in kitchen as ably as your sister does? Were you ever refused an opportunity to perform in a college stage play because you are fat, lean, short, or dark?  Did you feel shocked when people from particular countries are looked at suspiciously because of their nationality?

Yes, you are treated with bias, prejudice or discrimination.


People all over the world face such discrimination based on their sex, colour, religion, race, nationality and so on. BUT as young men and women YOU can bring change in such thinking and transform the world into a better place to live in harmony. So “YOU, Be the Change”   

We may Have Different Religions, Different Languages, Different Colored Skin…But We all belong to One Human Race……



Boys and girls in a class are asked to solve this riddle. “When Deepak and his son Arjun met with an accident, Deepak is instantly killed and his son is injured. Arjun is rushed to a hospital. But the surgeon on duty becomes very upset, and says, “I cannot operate on this child. He is my son.” Both boys and girls immediately responded, “How is it possible when the father is already dead?”
What is your solution to the riddle?
It has become a riddle because the youngsters could not immediately consider that the boy’s mother, a woman, to be the doctor.



Y. Sreelatha, with intellectual disability, from Kannepalli village, Ananthapur won gold and silver medals at the Special Olympics LA World Games 2015. Being trained in vocational education with basic life skills and sports, she learnt Badminton and Table-tennis quickly. She was selected for Special Olympics LA  World Games, 2015. She created history along with a team of twelve other Indian athletes at the World Games by bagging 17 medals for India.

Observe types of discrimination she must have faced and how a change in people’s mind has transformed the girl.


Find how these people fought against discrimination and brought a change.


1. Don’t discriminate others because they are women, weak, or disabled.
2. Don’t be biased because of religion, colour, race, nationality or sex.
3. Don’t be prejudiced against people because of their language, cultural practices and food habits.
4. All are equal.
5. Be inclusive of all and be human.



Learning Series 16 : INTERVIEW SKILLS

In continuation with my Learning Series; adapted from a motivating and inspiring write-up which I felt would be very useful for both students and the Society as a whole with day – to – day instances, to encourage positive thinking  and improve efficiency !!

INTERVIEW SKILLS  (GRAB YOUR DREAM JOB !)   Most of you think twice when you hear about campus interviews! But with  some skills and ideas about interviews, you can easily get through them.   Listed below such interview tips !

4 P ’s Technique to have success in interview:

“Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the   axe”   – Abraham Lincoln

Observe how these two candidates succeeded: 


A fresh graduate with a Psychology degree was able to grab a job as a Retail Store Manager for a high-end clothing line. She could beat people with many years of experience.   To the question,“Why are you the perfect candidate?”, she replied,

“I belong here. I’m like a blank slate that can absorb all the right information for getting the job done. I’m new, I’m fresh and very eager to learn, I won’t be as complacent as all these other applicants.”

“I wanted to let you know that I just received an offer for an Associate position with McKinsey.  It was the culmination of nearly three months of near-constant preparation. I used your LOMS program and your PST prep resources throughout the process…”

What made them succeed?
Confidence, presence of mind, wits and preparation are the secrets here.


Practice the following questions:
Facing interviews is a nightmare for some students, but for some others it is an excellent forum to display their knowledge, skills and confidence. Can you guess the reason? It’s simple – “Enough Practice”.

A list of frequently asked questions is given below. One is tried as an illustration; try answering the remaining?
1. Introduce Yourself.
2. What are your strengths and weaknesses?
My strengths are adaptability, positive attitude and hardworking nature.
My weakness is I find it difficult to tell lies what so ever the reason.
3. Can you tell something about our company?
4. Why should we hire you?
5. Are you willing to relocate/travel?
6. What was the toughest decision you ever had to make?
7. Would you lie for the company?
8. On a 10 point scale how do you rate yourself in communication skills?
9. How long would you like to work for us if we hire you?
10. How much salary you expect from us?


Take a glance:
85% of the interviews are decided in first two/three minutes. So be careful about:
• Handshake
• Eye contact
• Body language
• Right posture

DO’ s
• Organize all the required material neatly.
• Have a good dress sense, groom well.
• Reach the place of interview well in advance.
• Be cheerful and expressive.
• Have positive body posture.
• Be honest, sincere and simple in your talk.
• Be assertive and confident.
• Be polite in answering.
• Leave a good last impression by saying “thank you.”
• Replace the chair and other things in the original place when you leave the room.

• Don’t search for anything in an interview as it creates a bad impression.
• Don’t fold arms or close palms.
• Don’t drag the chair and make a noise.
• Don’t be rigid. Don’t cross your legs.
• Don’t tell lies.
• Don’t be very submissive or aggressive.
• Don’t argue, confront, challenge.
• Don’t feel frustrated if you lose the interview.


Useful quotations :

  • “People who are unable to motivate themselves must be content with mediocrity, no matter how impressive their other talents”   – Andrew Carnegie
  • “Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time.”  – Thomas Edison
  • “Peace begins with a SMILE”  – Mother Teresa
  • “Success without confidence is not possible. Being successful in life is very important.” – Barack Obama
  • “Climbing to the top demands strength, whether it is to the top of Mount Everest or top of your career.”   -Abdul Kalam

Learning Series 15 : BODY ALSO SPEAKS !!

In continuation with my Learning Series; adapted from a motivating and inspiring write-up which I felt would be very useful for both students and the Society as a whole with day – to – day instances, to encourage positive thinking  and improve efficiency !!

BODY ALSO  SPEAKS !   (LISTEN TO ITS LANGUAGE !)   Your face with its forehead, eyes, eyebrows, nose, mouth,lips and the other parts of your body- shoulders, hands, fingers, legs and even feet, can express what you are thinking in your mind. This is called non-verbal communication, because this communication does not use words.



1. Posture
2. Facial Expression
3. Eye contact
4. Gestures

Ramesh is very intelligent. But he never bothers about his body language. He holds the book between his face and me. I cannot see him some times. When asked a question, he immediately starts biting nails. Most often during presentations, he pulls the sides of his
shirt and keeps on swinging on his legs. He touches his face and looks at the ground.
He does not look into the eyes of others. I warn him but he ignores. He also does not
bother about attending a saloon. He comes to college in an untidy way.  He is seen frowning at his friends and shouting at the top of his voice though he is sharing good things. His staring into the eyes of girls is irking.”

All underlined features indicate Negative Body Language! Try to Avoid them !


1. Smile
2. Don’t Cross Your Arms
3. Make Good Eye Contact
4. Keep Your Body Pointed Vertically Toward Your Guest
5. Nod at Key Points
6. Stand Up Straight

The correct handshake:


Avoid the following Negative Aspects related to:

1Capture  Capture

Learning Series 14 : WRITE YOUR RESUME !!

In continuation with my Learning Series; adapted from a motivating and inspiring write-up which I felt would be very useful for both students and the Society as a whole with day – to – day instances, to encourage positive thinking  and improve efficiency !!

 WRITE YOUR RESUME !   (IT SPEAKS A LOT ABOUT YOU!)   A resume is a documentary record of your contact details, educational qualifications, skills and employment history in a nutshell. As it establishes your details, it should be appealing and convincing. Listed below tips helpful in preparing your resume.

What does a Resume Contain?
1. Name with contact Information- Your postal address, email and mobile number.
2. Objective:  appears just below the contact information. It briefly describes the type of job you want and also skills that make you the best candidate for the job.
3. Education-  All your educational qualifications, the most recent first.
4. Work Experience  -the company, job title and responsibilities etc.,
5. Achievements if any,  Skills, Interests & Languages known-any relevant skills in terms of software and hardware and other technical skills.


Tips for Writing a Resume:
• First write down all the details that you want to include in your resume.
• Select a format
• Be simple, brief and straight
• Do NOT lie about your qualifications and experience
• Sometimes resumes are filtered by keywords, so see that the words associated with the job are included.
• Don’t leave unexplained gaps in the time line. (a year off etc. )
• Do NOT COPY someone else’s Resume
• Ask your friend or a teacher to check it for spelling mistakes. Review, Revise and Edit.
• Avoid fancy fonts and colours
• Print it on one side of sheet only. LIMIT it to ONE PAGE
• Use A4 size paper

With these tips in mind try to prepare your own resume.  Remember your employer does not spend more than 30 seconds on it. Hence be clear and concise!


Model Resume should include: 

  • Name with contact Information
  • Objective : What the candidate wants
  • Details of Education : Year-Course-Institute-percentage
  • Details of Internship / Experience / achievements
  • Begin with verbs like: Developed Planned Conducted Compiled Participated Analyzed
  • Designed Wrote Managed Execute Operated Monitored
  • Skills & Interests : relevant to the job may be given
  • Languages Known
  • Give the name of the person who knows you and also inform him/her that you
    have mentioned him/her as your reference


Learning Series 13 : BROWSE TO LEARN!

In continuation with my Learning Series; adapted from a motivating and inspiring write-up which I felt would be very useful for both students and the Society as a whole with day – to – day instances, to encourage positive thinking  and improve efficiency !!

 BROWSE TO LEARN !  (SKY IS THE LIMIT!)   Today, the Internet has opened gates to unlimited knowledge. World Wide Web (www) makes it possible to learn things from any point of the world if you have internet connection.  You can type your favourite subject in the browser (Google or Mozilla or Bing or any other) and with a click on the enter button you are taken to a series of WebPages. You can choose, read, make notes and expand your knowledge. You can also check images, videos, maps, books, and many more. Type the weblink (URL) in the address/search bar and click enter.    You will be taken to that source of information / video /podcast.   There are millions of pages on various aspects of knowledge.

For your awareness , a picture is given below with the various parts of an Internet Page :Capture.JPG

Core Rules of Netiquette
• Adhere to the same standard of behavior that you would follow in real life
• Know where you are in cyberspace
• Respect other people’s time and bandwidth
• Make yourself look good online
• Share expert knowledge
• Respect other people’s privacy
• Be forgiving of other people’s mistakes


Various Websites for Education:
1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
Wikipedia is a free, open content online encyclopedia created through the collaborative effort of a community of users known as Wikipedians.
2. http://nptel.ac.in/
NPTEL (National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning) , provides e-learning through online Web and Video courses in Engineering, Sciences, Technology, Management and Humanities.
3. https://www.khanacademy.org/
Khan Academy is a non-profit educational organization that provides free video tutorials and interactive exercises.
4. http://ocw.mit.edu/index.htm
MIT Open Course Ware (MIT OCW) is an initiative of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to put all of the educational materials from its undergraduate and
graduate-level courses online, freely and openly available to anyone, anywhere.
5. https://www.coursera.org/
Coursera is an educational technology company that offers massive open online courses (MOOCs).
6. https://www.quora.com/
Quora (Question and Answer site) is a social networking site where people can ask questions & get answers.


Sites for Employment:
1. https://in.linkedin.com/
LinkedIn -a site for professional networking. Create an online profile which is similar to your resume.
2. http://www.naukri.com/
3. http://www.careerbuilder.co.in/
4. http://www.monsterindia.com/
Naukri.com, Career Builder & Monster India are a few popular sites that give job notifications
Social Networking Sites:
(Where users could communicate with one another and share information, media such as pictures, videos, music, blogs, etc.)
1. Facebook:https://www.facebook.com/login/\
2. Twitter: https://twitter.com/signup?lang=en
Video Sharing Sites
1. YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/?gl=IN Photo Sharing Sites
1. Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/


Learning Series 12 : DECISION MAKING

In continuation with my Learning Series; adapted from a motivating and inspiring write-up which I felt would be very useful for both students and the Society as a whole with day – to – day instances, to encourage positive thinking  and improve efficiency !!

DECISION MAKING  (CHOOSING THE RIGHT OPTION)    Right from morning till night, we take many decisions every day. They may be about breakfast, choosing a dress, going to a movie – anything. These  are smaller issues. But when this is about bigger things, it becomes more difficult. This write-up helps you how to make difficult decisions!

“It’s not hard to make decisions when you know what your values are.” -ROY DISNEY

Decision – Making involves problem solving too.
While taking decisions for complex problems, we need to follow these steps:
1. Define the problem.    That is to identify the problem first.
2. Try to know the cause of the problem.    This will enable you to find a better solution.
3. Look for possible solutions.      You can brainstorm for alternatives. Initially accept and list out all the solutions even if they are apparently not feasible.
4. Now prioritize them taking into consideration –     what is best for you now, consider others (Not only me), and consider future (Not only now). By thinking beyond yourself and beyond the moment, you are more likely to select choices that are useful to the society with benefits in the future.
5. Select one from those as solution.  Explain your decision to the people who got affected.
6. Take a viable and acceptable decision.
7. Implement it to solve the problem.

If it doesn’t work, choose the next one and try  again.


Read the story:   The Frogs & the Well  (from Aesop’s Fables)

Two frogs lived in a pond. During one summer the pool dried up. The frogs had no option but to leave the pond. They set out in search of a new home. As they went along they came across a deep well with water.  The moment they saw it, one of the frogs said to the
other, “Come on let’s dive into it. It will give us shelter and food.”   The other frog replied with greater caution, “The big ponds have dried up. So there is a chance that even wells too dry up. So if the water in this well dries up, can we get out of it?”

Think well before you take a decision.

Situation: Tomorrow is the last day to pay the University examination fee. Your father has not sent you the money.  What will You Do?
Types of Decisions
No decision: You let others take decision on your behalf when the issues involved are not important.
• Snap Decision: You take a quick decision without thinking about the consequences. When time is a constraint these decisions are made.
• Responsible Decision: You take a decision considering others’ views (not only me) and
also your future (not only now). Many important decisions that you take in your career are ‘responsible decisions’ and you have to learn that art of making decisions.

Problem: Having no money to pay the university examination fee.
Cause of the Problem: Father has not sent the money for the reasons not known.
• Probable solutions:
1. Ask the University authorities to give additional time or postpone the last date.
(Not only me. It’s not a possible alternative)
2. Sell my mobile and pay the fee.  (Not only now. I may need my mobile in future)
3. Wait for somebody to help without doing anything. (This is equivalent to ‘No Decision’)
4. Borrow money from my friends and repay it once I get from my father.
5. Any other solution ….

Learning Series 11 : MIND MAPPING!

In continuation with my Learning Series; adapted from a motivating and inspiring write-up which I felt would be very useful for both students and the Society as a whole with day – to – day instances, to encourage positive thinking  and improve efficiency !!

MIND MAPPING !  (PLANNING FOR YOUR LIFE!)   Mind mapping is a way of planning things. It is like note making. It helps for clearer thinking and better planning. It gives clarity to our plans and a good direction to our ideas.

Benefits of Mind map:

  • Useful Resource
  • Training Tip
  • Brainstorming
  • Revision
  • Project Management
  • Strategy Development
  • Risk Management
  • Communication
  • Creativity
  • Teaching
  • Memory tool
  • Concentration
  • Solve problems, .etc.

Tony Buzan popularized the idea of Mind Mapping. He is an English author and educational consultant.      3CaptureCompare the following write up and Mind Map on ‘Health’. Observe how Mind-Map helps you in remembering things clearly:

Health is possible through diet, exercise, sleep and stress management. Good diet consists of wide variety of fruits, vegetables, bread, cereals and vitamins, which are low on fat and high on fiber. Exercise includes warm ups, stretching, aerobics, weight lifting, treadmill etc.,   33% of our life should have sleep. The consequences of sleeplessness are many. By maintaining regular sleeping hours, by sleeping on a comfortable bed, by taking up regular exercise and by quitting smoking,  we can have comfortable sleep. Then the other factor that impacts health is ‘stress’. Exams, work pressure, relationship issues, etc create stress. The effects of stress are disastrous. There will be worry, diarrhea, anxiety etc. There are solutions to manage stress like relaxation techniques like yoga, meditation, deep breathing, We also need to avoid caffeine, smoking and alcohol. Help also can be obtained from doctors, dieticians and nutrition assistants.

2CaptureWhat goes into the ‘mind map’?

Please compare the write up, and the mind map, and observe how mind map is drawn:
Spring is one of the four seasons. When there is spring, there will be warm sun, there will be greenery  all around, birds gather on the trees, there will be buds and flowers, and nature turns beautiful with honey  bees and butterflies.
1. Draw a circle in the centre of the page and write  ‘Spring’
2. Observe the underlined important ideas.
3. As spring is associated with five factors, draw  five lines in different directions. Write names / pictures.
4. Draw branches to indicate various factors.

Note: Use different colours for easy identification.


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