Facts stranger than fiction..61

The Banpo Bridge is a major bridge in downtown Seoul over the Han River, South Korea, connecting the Seocho and Yongsan districts. The bridge is on top of Jamsu Bridge, forming the upper half of a double-deck bridge; it is the first double deck bridge built in South Korea.

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Address: Banpo 2(i)-dong, Seoul, South Korea

Construction started: January 1980
Total length: 1,495 m
Bridge typeGirder bridge
Body of water: Han River
Location: Seoul, Seocho District, Yongsan District
Did you know: According to Guinness World Record, the Moonlight Rainbow Fountain located at Banpo Bridge of Han River is the world’s longest bridge fountain.
Construction cost‎: ‎₩21,500,000,000
Construction end‎: ‎June 25, 1982
Engineering design by‎: ‎Dae Han Consultants …
Constructed by‎: ‎Byucksan Engineering & Con…
The Moonlight Rainbow Fountain is the world’s longest bridge fountain that set a Guinness World Record with nearly 10,000 LED nozzles that run along both sides that is 1,140m long, shooting out 190 tons of water per minute. Installed in September 2009 on the Banpo Bridge, former mayor of Seoul Oh Se-hoon declared that the bridge will further beautify the city and showcase Seoul’s eco-friendliness, as the water is pumped directly from the river itself and continuously recycled. The bridge has 38 water pumps and 380 nozzles on either side, which draw 190 tons of water per minute from the river 20 meters below the deck, and shoots as far as 43 meters horizontally.



Facts stranger than fiction..60

ricefish system is an integrated rice field or ricefield/pond complex, where fish are grown concurrently or alternately with riceFish may be deliberately stocked (fish culture), or may enter fields naturally from surrounding water ways when flooding occurs (rice field fisheries), or a bit of both.

It means aquatic animals living in rice fields including freshwater prawn, marineshrimpcrayfishcrab, turtle, bivalve, frog, and even insects. Rice-fish farming is practiced in many countries in the world, particularly in Asia.

ricefish system is an integrated rice field or rice field/pond complex, where fish are grown concurrently or alternately with riceFish may be deliberately stocked (fish culture), or may enter fields naturally from surrounding water ways when flooding occurs (rice field fisheries), or a bit of both.


Common carp weighing 15-25 g are stocked in the ricefield at 2 500-3 000/ha 7-10 days after rice transplanting. A center or cross-trench occupies about 2 percent of the total ricefield area. Harvesting is done by draining the field slowly after a culture period of 40-60 days.


Agriculture in Indonesia started as a means to grow and provide food. Rice, coconut, sugar palm, taro, tubers, shallots and tropical fruits were among the earliest produce being cultivated in the archipelago. Evidence of wild rice cultivation on the island of Sulawesi dates back from 3000 BCE. Rice has been a staple food for Indonesians for a millennia and holds a central place in Indonesian culture and cuisine.


Rice is a staple food in the Indonesian diet, as typical Indonesian meal consists of richly flavored side dishes, meat or poultry and vegetables, surrounding a pile of steamed rice. Indonesia is the 3rd largest rice producer in the world after China and India. However, because of Indonesia’s large population, the rice it produces is consumed internally. To ensure food security, the government fills the gap by importing from neighboring countries like Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia

Facts stranger than fiction..59

Vicious Cycle… who is afraid of whom…………


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Cockroach => Rat => Cat => Dog => Man => Girl => Cockroach….

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Amazingly, the rodent can eat a cockroach out of a glue trap without itself becoming entangled. … Occasionally, professionals report seeing mice or rats directly eating cockroaches or other insects.


Facts stranger than fiction..58


Rubik’s Cube is a 3-D combination puzzle invented in 1974 by Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik. Originally called the Magic Cube, the puzzle was licensed by Rubik to be sold by Ideal Toy Corp. in 1980 via businessman Tibor Laczi and Seven Towns founder Tom Kremer, and won the German Game of the Year special award for Best Puzzle that year. As of January 2009, 350 million cubes had been sold worldwide making it the world’s top-selling puzzle game. It is widely considered to be the world’s best-selling toy.

On the original classic Rubik’s Cube, each of the six faces was covered by nine stickers, each of one of six solid colours: white, red, blue, orange, green, and yellow. The current version of the cube has been updated to coloured plastic panels instead, which prevents peeling and fading. In currently sold models, white is opposite yellow, blue is opposite green, and orange is opposite red, and the red, white and blue are arranged in that order in a clockwise arrangement. On early cubes, the position of the colours varied from cube to cube. An internal pivot mechanism enables each face to turn independently, thus mixing up the colours. For the puzzle to be solved, each face must be returned to have only one colour. Similar puzzles have now been produced with various numbers of sides, dimensions, and stickers, not all of them by Rubik.

Although the Rubik’s Cube reached its height of mainstream popularity in the 1980s, it is still widely known and used. Many speedcubers continue to practice it and similar puzzles; they also compete for the fastest times in various categories. Since 2003, the World Cube Association, the Rubik’s Cube’s international governing body, has organised competitions worldwide and recognise world recordsCapture.JPG

Taking advantage of an initial shortage of Cubes, many imitations and variations appeared, many of which may have violated one or more patents. Today, the patents have expired and many Chinese companies produce copies of, and in nearly all cases, improvements upon, the Rubik and V-Cube designs

Rubik’s Cubes continued to be marketed and sold throughout the 1980s and 90s, but it was not until the early 2000s that interest in the Cube began increasing again. In the US sales doubled between 2001 and 2003, and The Boston Globe remarked that it was “becoming cool to own a Cube again”. The 2003 World Rubik’s Games Championship was the first speedcubing tournament since 1982. It was held in Toronto and was attended by 83 participants.  The tournament led to the formation of the World Cube Association in 2004. Annual sales of Rubik branded cubes were said to have reached 15 million worldwide in 2008. Part of the new appeal was ascribed to the advent of Internet video sites, such as YouTube, which allowed fans to share their solving strategies.  Following the expiration of Rubik’s patent in 2000, other brands of cubes appeared, especially from Chinese companies. Many of these Chinese branded cubes have been engineered for speed and are favoured by speedcubers

SHIMGA Festival… HOLI in Konkan (Maharashtra)

Due to the fast paced lives and urbanisation, Shimga is one of the festivals of Maharashtra that is vanishing from the cities. However, small villages like Kodavali in ratnagiri are keeping the candle of Konkani culture burning and are the best places to witness the unique Holi celebrations in India. 

The festivities of Holi are not restricted to the northern parts of India. In fact, this Queen of Indian festivals is celebrated with much enthusiasm in the western states as well. In Maharashtra, specific to kokan region(Raigad, Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg) locals have a unique and grand way of observing this joyous occasion of Shimga. Unlike the Northern states, the people of Kokan in Maharashtra celebrate Shimga festival five days after Phalgun Poornima. On this day, the natives drench each other with brilliant colours and immerse themselves in the spirit of carefree merrymaking.

Here are some of the aspects of a Konkani Holi that make it special and spectacular.

1. Holika Dahan or the Holi Bonfire

The preparations for the festival kick off a week prior to the event, when youngsters of the community start collecting firewood for the Holi bonfire. On the eve of Shimga, the entire neighbourhood gathers at one place and a massive bonfire is lit. People exchange warm greetings and wish each other a happy Holi. This activity is termed as Holika Dahan in the native tongue and the flames of the fire symbolise the victory of good over evil.

2. Welcoming the Season of Spring

The dates of the festival of Holi coincide with the culmination of spring. People clad in elaborate costumes play with colours and perform folk dance and music to welcome the season of Basanta, which is the month associated with fertility and prosperity. A peculiar high-pitched sound is produced by striking the mouth with the hands, so as to offer a resounding ovation to spring. The fisher-folk of the region also partake in the festivities by singing and dancing.

3. The Delectable Cuisine of Holi

The celebrations of Holi are incomplete without indulging in mouth-watering sweets and delicacies. In Maharashtra, Puran Poli is the famous dish that is prepared in every household on the occasion of Holi. It is a delicious flatbread with a sweet stuffing of jaggery and lentils that melts in the mouth. People also treat themselves to tumblers of freshly extracted sugarcane juice and slices of watermelon, which are particularly enjoyed by the children.

4. The Lively Processions

Kokani people celebrate Shimga festival in such a way that GOD arrives at our own house. Locals believe that Shimga represents the arrival of God and therefore carry idols of the deities to their houses in Palkhis or palanquins. Villagers decorate their houses with paintings and also make various floral designs or rangoli on the entrance of their homes.

The villagers here celebrate Holi with God in a Palkhi and bring it everyone’s house so that they together can pray for the wellbeing of the families.  A colourful procession of people of all castes and creeds dances alongside the Palkhis with staunch devotion. They seek blessings from the Gods and pray for the well-being of their families. This ritual is one of the dying traditions of Maharashtra that is being kept alive by the small towns of the Ratnagiri district, such as Kodavali.

5. A Kaleidoscope of Colours

The fifth day of Shimga is called Rang Panchami and is reserved for playing with colours. People of all ages come together to smear each other with natural colours made from herbal ingredients like Neem, Kumkum, and Haldi. These herbs have valuable medicinal properties and cure several ailments like viral fever and cold. In this manner, Konkani Holi ensures that the environment is not polluted by colours produced using harsh chemicals.


In Konkan People decorate their houses with paintings and also make various floral designs on the entra

nce of their homes. Family members, friends and relatives exchange greetings and gifts between each other.
People decorate their houses with paintings and also make various floral designs on the entrance of their homes. Family members, friends and relatives exchange greetings and gifts between each other.

 Here people celebrate this festival in such a way that GOD arrives at our own house. The villagers here celebrate Holi with God in a Palkhi and bring it everyone’s house so that they together can pray for the wellbeing of the families.

Shimga is one of the popular festivals in maharashtra. It is celbrated on full moon day of Marathi Month of Phalgun which usually comes in the month march. Dancing with Palkhi is a ritual at the time of Shimga (holi) festival. This is popular in Ratnagiri district of Konkan region and is celebrated by all people irrespective of age, caste and creed. Shimga is celebrated in the period between the months of February and March after the holi celebration.


Shimga is celebrated according to each village tradition in Konkan from 5 to 15 days. It is the festival of color called Dhuliwandan in next day of Holi. The day of the Shimga Festival is celebrated with widespread enjoyment and fanfare. People enjoy to the fullest by throwing colored powder and water at each other all over the day. The colors are made of natural products like Neem, Kumkum, Haldi and herbal recipes which are considered to have a medicinal effect on the diseases like viral fever and cold etc. Shimga also supports to keep environment pollution free.

The day of the Shimga festival is also marked by wide spread processions and carnivals. On this occasion villagers take the charge to enjoy the festival by dancing on street by wearing traditional dresses. his is pre-Holi festival celebrated by villagers in Goa to bid farewell to winter and welcome spring. A colorful procession bearing deities on floats starts from the temples in the evening. The parade winds through the streets of Panjim to the sound of drums, flutes and folk songs. It comes to a halt only in the early hours of the morning.


Now a days some village areas becoming urban and you can see that this tradition is not followed as it was previous but in some towns in konkan still they celebrate with full of joy like Kodavali in Rajapur Ratanagiri is small place near Rajapur bus depot surrounded with beauty of river and scenery, temples. Villages used to do all dramas, dance in whole nights and be enthusiastic throughout

Facts stranger than fiction..57

Penguins are a group of aquatic flightless birds. They live almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere, with only one species, the Galapagos penguin, found north of the equator. Highly adapted for life in the water, penguins have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have evolved into flippers.

Family: Spheniscidae; Bonaparte, 1831
Scientific name: Spheniscidae
Class: Aves
Lifespan: Emperor penguin: 20 years, Little penguin: 6 years
Height: Emperor penguin: 1.1 – 1.3 m, Little penguin: 30 – 33 cm, Galapagos penguin: 49 cm
Did you know: Chinstrap penguins are medium-sized penguins.
Order‎: ‎Sphenisciformes; ‎Sharpe‎, 1891
Phylum‎: ‎Chordata
Kingdom‎: ‎Animalia
Family‎: ‎Spheniscidae; ‎Bonaparte‎, 1831
‎Galapagos penguin · ‎Emperor penguin · ‎Little penguin · ‎Adélie penguin
Penguin species are found across the Southern Hemisphere. … Penguins are fish, mammals, or amphibians because they live in water, on land, or both. Penguins arebirds, even though they spend time on land and in water. Their motion in the water more closely resembles flying than the swimming motion used by other animals.
Penguins are independent animals. They are also very intelligentanimals as they can recognize themselves in the mirror. They tend to hide theirintelligencePenguins are very loyal creatures.
Penguins lost the ability to fly millions of years ago, but their powerful flippers and streamlined bodies make them very accomplished swimmers. They are the fastest swimming and deepest diving species of any birds and can stay underwater up to 20 minutes at a time.
Mating & baby penguins. A group of penguins is called a colony, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. … The male usually starts the mating ritual and will pick out a nice nesting site before he approaches a female. After mating, the femaleemperor or king penguin will lay a single egg.
Penguins are amazing birds! They are not quite like any bird you have seen before in your backyard or at the park. They have adapted to their cold environment in a way that makes them pretty special. … – While other birds have wings for flying,penguins have adapted flippers to help them swim in the water.
Most of the penguin body is kept cozy by its warm, waterproof plumage. Beneath the skin, blubber adds to the insulation. … Certain arteries in the penguin leg can adjust blood flow in response to foot temperature, feeding the foot just enough blood to keep it a few degrees above freezing.
Here are some fun facts: –
Penguins are flightless birds. – While other birds have wings for flying, penguins have adapted flippers to help them swim in the water. – The Galapagos Penguin is the only penguin species that ventures north of the equator in the wild.


Facts stranger than fiction..56

The Internet (contraction of interconnected network) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.

INTERNET  is a global computer network providing a variety of information and communication facilities, consisting of interconnected networks using standardized communication protocols.

The Internet, sometimes called simply “the Net,” is a worldwide system of computer networks – a network of networks in which users at any one computer can, if they have permission, get information from any other computer (and sometimes talk directly to users at other computers).

The main purpose of the Internet is to provide global access to data and communications. Use of the Internet and networking is essential for advancing research in science, medicine, engineering and design as well as in maintaining global defense and surveillance.


with our always-connected lifestyles, the question is now more relevant than ever: what would happen if the internet stopped for a day? It turns out the impact might not be quite what you’d expect.


In 1995, fewer than 1% of the world’s population was online. The internet was a curiosity, used mostly by people in the West. Fast-forward 20 years and today more than 3.5bn people have an internet connection – nearly half of all humans on the planet – and the number is growing at a rate of around 10 people a second.

a fifth of all Americans say they use the internet “almost constantly” and 73% say they use it at least daily. Figures in the UK are similar: a 2016 survey found that nearly 90% of adults said they had used the internet in the previous three months. For many, it is now virtually impossible to imagine life without the internet.

“It’s not like we’d be more likely to speak to strangers at the bus stop if we didn’t have our smartphones – not at all,”  The loss of connection may make people more social in specific situations, such as forcing co-workers to speak to each other rather than sending emails, but overall the experience is likely to be distressing. “The world wouldn’t fall apart if we didn’t have access to the internet for a day, But for most people I think even one day without it would be terrifying.”

The feeling would be fleeting, however. Losing the internet may make people recognise its importance in their lives, but we would soon be taking it for granted again,

If every company turned off their computers for a few hours each month and made people do the tasks they postponed, there might be an overall productivity benefit

Some governments also have “kill switches” that can effectively turn off the internet in their country.  Building a kill switch is not easy, however. The larger and more developed the country, the harder it is to shut down the internet completely ­– there are simply too many connections between networks both inside and outside national borders.

“The internet service providers and the companies that make the routing equipment have plans and personnel in place for getting things up and running again if unexpected vulnerabilities are exploited.” We are so used to having an always-on internet connection that even relatively short disruptions would have an effect, however. It just might not be what you would expect.

The most devastating strikes could come from space, however. A large solar storm that sent flares in our direction would take out satellites, power grids and computer systems. “What bombs and terrorism can’t do might be accomplished in moments by a solar flare, The next major geomagnetic storms are eventually coming.”

“One of the biggest problems with the internet today is that people take it for granted – yet they don’t understand the degree to which we’ve allowed it to infiltrate almost every aspect of our lives, They don’t even think about not having access to it.”